of Abu Bakr
Abu Bakr was of a contemplative
bent of mind. He often expressed his thoughts in words that were conspicuous
because of their wisdom. A number of his sayings have come down to us,
and these show the depth and dimension of his thought and philosophy.
Here are some of the sayings of Abu Bakr that have assumed the character
of a proverb.
About greatness, Abu Bakr said:
Run away from greatness and greatness will
There is greatness in the fear of God, contentment
in faith of God, and honour in humility.
About good actions, Abu Bakr said:
Good actions are a guard against the blows
Be good to others, that will protect you
If you expect the blessings of God, be good
to His people.
Every day, nay every moment, try to do some
About death, he said:
Have an earnestness for death and you will
Death is the easiest of all things after
it, and the hardest of all things before it.
About knowledge, he said:
The more knowledge you have, the greater
will be your fear of Allah.
Without knowledge action is useless and
knowledge without action is futile.
Knowledge is the life of the mind.
When a noble man learns knowledge he becomes
humble, [whereas] when an ignoble person gains knowledge, he [becomes] conceited.
When knowledge is limited - it leads to folly. [But]
when knowledge exceeds a certain limit, it leads to exploitation.
In the matter of advice, he said:
When you seek advice, do not withhold any
facts from the person whose advice you seek.
When you advise any person you should be
guided by the fear of God.
If anybody seeks your advice, offer right
and sincere advice.
He who is not impressed by sound advice,
About kindness he said:
If you expect the blessings of God, [then] be kind
to His people.
He who aspires to paradise should learn
to deal with people with kindness.
He who fears to weep, should learn to be
kind to those who weep.
About self-control he said, "If you want to control other
people, first control yourself."
Patience and confidence
With regard to patience and confidence, he said: "Patience
is half [the] faith, and confidence is full faith."
Society of evil persons
About the society of evil persons he held, "Solitude
is better than the society of evil persons."
About honesty he said, "The greatest truth is honesty,
and the greatest falsehood is dishonesty."
Treatment of Muslims
About the treatment of Muslims he said, "Do not look
down upon any Muslim, for even the most inferior believer is great in the
eyes of God."
Help and co-operation
About help and co-operation, he said:
God blesses him who helps his brother.
Co-operate with one another, and do not bare
grudges of jealousy.
Muslims should live like brothers.
God helps those who fear Him'.
Allah will help him who moves in the way
About "Jihad", he said:
The people who abandon Jihad fall a victim
to humility and degradation.
Jihad is obligatory for the Muslims.
To fight against the infidels is Jihad;
but to fight against your evil self is greater Jihad.
With regard to intentions, he said, "Intentions count
in your actions".
In the matter of the offering of "Sadaqah" he said, "When
you offer any Sadaqah to a beggar, do it with humility and respect, for
what you are
offering is an offer to Allah".
With regard to mosques he said: "He who builds a mosque
in the way of Allah, God will build a house for him in the paradise."
Way of life
About the way of life he said, "Follow the way of life,
which the Holy Prophet has shown you, for verily that is the right path".
With regard to prayers, he said, "He who prays five
times a day is in the protection of God, and he who is protected by God
cannot be harmed by anyone."
About neighbours, he said, "You should not quarrel with
your neighbour, for he will remain where he is, but your high handedness
will become the talk of the people".
Appearance of things
About the outward appearance of things he said:
Maybe a thing that you do not like is really
in your interest. It is possible that a thing that you may
desire may be against your interest.
Love of God
About the love of God, and the love of the world, he
said, "He who [has a taste for the] love of God can have no taste for the love
of the world".
Becoming a Muslim
About becoming a Muslim, he said, "He who becomes a Muslim
does so in his own interest".
About falsehood, he said "He who indulges in falsehood
will find the paths of paradise shut to him".
About boasting, he said, "He who boasts lowers himself".
About pride he said, "Pride in the case of a rich man
is bad, but but pride in the case of a poor man is worse".\
In the matter of elation, he said, "Do not get elated
at any victory, for all such victory is subject to the will of God."
Avoidance of complaints
With regard to the avoidance of complaint he said, "He
who avoids complaint invites happiness."
Attraction of the things
of the world
About the attraction of the things of the
world, he said, "If an ignorant person is attracted by the things of the
world, that is bad. But if a learned person is thus attracted, it is worse."
also said, "O man you are busy working for the world, and the world is
busy trying to turn you out".
About justice, he said: "In the matter of justice, all
should be equal in your eyes".
Deception and faithlessness
About deception and faithlessness he said, "Do not deceive
or be faithless even with your enemy."
About the use of [a] measure he said, "Use the same measure
for selling that you use for purchasing".
About Sin, he said:
(1) It is good to repent from sin; [but] it is better
to avoid [it].
(2) It is bad for a young man to sin; but it is worse
for an old man to sin.
About evil he said "Cursed is the man who dies,
but the evil done by him survives."
Dyeing [the] hair
In the case of hair dyeing he said, "Youth is not restored
by the dyeing of your hair".
About rising early, he said, "It is a matter of shame
that in the morning the birds should be awake earlier than you."
About Piety he said: Piety is the most solid goodness,
and the vilest of what is evil is vice.
Truth and falsehood
About truth and falsehood he said, "Truth is a trust,
[whereas] falsehood [is] treason."
About vain desires, he said, "Do not follow vain desires;
for verily he who prospers is preserved from lust, greed and anger."
Abu Bakr prayed, "O Lord, render the best of my life
[at] its close, the best of my deeds as the last, and the best of my days the
day of Your meeting." "O God verily I ask of You that which may be the
best for me in the end. O God vouchsafe that the last good that You bestow
upon me, is Your
Abu Bakr said, "The most deadly of things are the two
that are red, gold and saffron."
Reward of the believer
Abu Bakr said, "The true believer is rewarded in every
thing, even in affliction."
Life of the world
About the life of the world, Abu Bakr said, "Our abode
in this world is transitory, our life therein is but a loan, our breaths
are numbered and our indolence is manifest. "
While condoling the death of a [fellow]companion, Abu
Bakr said to the bereaved family: "There is no harm in patience, and no
profit in lamentation.
Death is easier to bear than [than] that which precedes it,
and more severe than that which comes after it. Remember the death of the
Apostle of God, and your sorrow will be lessened. "
Prayer for a dead man
When praying for a dead man. Abu Bakr said: "O God his
people and his goods and his kindred have forsaken this servant of Yours.
His sin was grievous, but You are Merciful and Compassionate."