The Elementary Teachings of Islam 

 by His Exalted Eminence Mawlana Mohammed Abdul-Aleem Siddiqui

Part II


The Fundamental Principles of Islam


Part I - Iman
Part II - Islam

Chapter 1 
The Declaration of Faith (about the Prophet Muhammad p.b.u..h.)

Chapter 2
1.Wudu (Ablution)
2. Ghusl (Bath)
3 (a) Miscellaneous Notes 
4. Azan 
4. (a) Iqamat 
5. The Obligatory and Essential Factors of Prayer 
6. Performance of Prayer
7. Classification of Prayers
8. Fard Prayers 
9. Wajib-ul-witr 
10. Funeral prayers (Salat-ul-janazah)
11. The Curtailment of Obligatory Prayers
12. Forbidden Times for Prayers 
13. Friday Prayers (Salatul-jummat'a)
14.Wajibul 'Id (The 'Id Prayers). 
15. Nafl Prayers
16. Miscellaneous 

Chapter 3
Zakat (Islamic Alms-Fee)

Chapter 4
The Observation of Fasts in the Month of Ramadan

Chapter 5
Pilgrimage to Mecca 
How is the Tawaf performed?
The Performance of Hajj 
How does one perform 'Umra?


The Declaration of Faith

Q. What is the first principle of Islam? 
A. The first principle of Islam is to declare: La ilaha ill-Allah, Muhammad-ur-rasool-ullah. 

 "There is no deity but Allah and Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah." 

Q. Are there any other forms of the Declaration of Faith? 
A. Yes, there are four other forms, viz.: 

(1) kalimatush-shahadat
Declaration or submission of evidence, viz.,
ashhadu a la ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la sharika lahu wa ashhadu anna Muham- madan 'abduhu wa rasooluh

I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah, Who is without partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Apostle.' 

(2) kalimatut-tamjeed 
Declaration of the Glory of Allah, viz., 
Subhana-Allahi walhamdu lillahi wa la ilaha ill-Allahu wallahu Akbar, wa la haula wa la quwwata ilia billahil 'aliyyil-'Azeem.

'Glory be to Allah and praise; there is no deity but Allah; Allah is Most Great; there is no power, no might but from Allah, the Most High, the Great.' 

3) kalimtut-tauhid
Declaration of the Oneness of Allah: viz., 

La ilaha ill-Allahu wahdahu la sharika lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu, Yuhyi wa Yumeetu, biyadihil-khairu, wa huwa 'ala kulli shai-in Qadeer. 

"There is none worthy of worship but Allah; He is One and has no partner; His is the Kingdom (of the whole universe) and unto Him is due all Praise; He gives life and He causes death; In His hand is all good, and He has power over all things. 
(4) kalimatu raddil-kufr 
Declaration of the Refutation of Disbelief, viz., 
Allahumma inni a'oozu bika min an ushrika bika shai'an wa ana a'lamu wa astaghfiruka lima la a'lamu innaka anta 'Allam ul-ghuyoobi tubtu 'anhu wa tabar- r'atu 'an kulli deenin siwa deen il-Islami wa aslamtu wa aqoolu la ilaha ill-Allahu Muhammad-ur-rasool-ullah. 

'O Allah! verily do I seek refuge in Thee from associating any partner with Thee knowingly; I beseech Thy forgiveness for the sins which I am not aware of; verily, Thou art the Best Knower of all secrets. I repent for all the sins and make myself proof against all teachings except the teachings of Islam. I have entered the fold of Islam, and I hereby declare: There is no deity but Allah and Muhammad is the Apostle of Allah. 
Q. Who was Muhammad? 
A. Muhammad was the Rasool, i.e., the Messenger and Prophet of Allah who received the Message from Allah through Divine revelation and conveyed the same to humanity. 

Q. Where was the Prophet Muhammad born? 
A. Muhammad, the Messenger and Prophet of Allah, was born at Mecca in Arabia. 

Q. Do you know the genealogy (lineage or pedigree) of the Prophet Muhammad? 
A. Yes. I can name up to his father's great-grandfather, and know that he is descended from Prophet Abraham. He was the son of 'Abdullah, who was the son of 'Abdul Muttalib, who was the son of Hashim, who was the son of 'Abd Manaf. 

Q. How was the Prophet brought up? 
A. 'Abdullah, the Prophet's father died before his birth, and he lost his mother, Amina, during his infancy. He was then for a short time under the care of his grandfather, 'Abdul Muttalib, who also expired a few years later. His uncle, Abu Talib then became his guardian. 

Q. How was the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) educated? 
A. He did not receive any instruction through human agency, and as such, he did not know how to read or write. His education was solely due to Divine Sources. 

Q. When and where was the Message of Allah first revealed to our Prophet; 
A. The Message of Allah was first revealed to our Prophet through angel Jibreel (Gabriel), at the age of forty, in the cave at the foot of Mt. Hira in Mecca. 

Q. What regard had the people of Mecca for our Prophet before he announced his Prophethood? 
A. The people of Mecca had a very great regard for him. They honoured and respected him for his integrity and honesty, and were so much impressed by them and the nobility and gentleness of his character that thev conferred unon him the title of i.e., the Trustworthy, before he proclaimed his Prophethood. 

Q. Did the people of Mecca in general accept Muhammad as a Prophet when he first delivered to them the Message from Allah? 
A. No. The people of Mecca in general did not accept Muhammad as a Prophet, when he first delivered to them the Message of Allah against idols and idolatry. Only a few embraced Islam. Others persecuted him and his followers so much that he, along with his followers, was compelled to seek refuge in Medina. 

Q. What is the migration of onr Prophet from Mecca to Medina called?
A. The migration of our Prophet from Mecca to Medina is called AL HIJRA. The Muslim Calendar commences from the day of the migration. 

Q. How did the people of Medina receive our Prophet? 
A. Most of the people of Medina received our Prophet with kindness, believed in his teaching and mission and embraced Islam. 

Q. When did our Prophet die and where was he buried? 
A. Our Prophet died at the age of sixty-three and was buried in Medina, where his tomb now stands. 

Q. Should we visit the tomb of our Prophet? 
A. Yes, we should visit the tomb of our Prophet at Medina, preferably after the performance of Hajj (Pilgrimage) to Mecca, for our Prophet has said: "whoever (of my followers) visits my tomb it is binding on me to plead for (Mercy and Forgiveness) on his (or her) behalf (on the Day of Judgment)."

Q. Should you love your Prophet? 
A. Yes, I should love my Prophet and pay greater respect to him than to any other human being including my parents. 

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